Theories Of Teaching And Training


Most teachers and tutors have to undergo training before they take the sceptre of imparting knowledge to others. Piaget, Gardner, and Skinner are common words known by any experienced teacher, having experimented on different teaching methodologies. Below, we are going to elaborate on the most common teaching theories and methodologies.

  1. Behavioural Theory of Learning

Under this theory, we assume that the emotions and behavioural tendencies shape the student’s learning curves. It assumes that positive emotional reinforcement can hasten the learning process and hence attain a teacher’s objectives more readily. Thus, a teacher should appreciate when one works hard in assignment help class. A simple ‘Good work’ comment on hard work by a student can motivate the student to learn more. This theory assumes that when born, our mind is ‘tabula rasa’ – a blank slate – and we learn new behaviours through either classical or operant conditioning.

  • Social Cognitive Theory

Piaget is a recognized name when it comes to Social Cognitive development theory. He showed dissatisfaction with the behavioural approach. The cognitive learning theory is mainly concerned with what you are thinking or what goes on in your brain (the mental processes) and how they are influenced by internal and external environmental factors to produce learning in students. This theory believes that the information available from the stimuli is processed by a sequence of processing systems like memory, attention, perception, and others. These sequences of processing differ in individuals and hence the behavioural outcome of the information. So, learning the mental processes are considered mandatory in social cognitive theory.

  • Constructivism Theory of Teaching

Constructivism is yet another theory made famous by Piaget. This theory states that people learn and behave through and according to their experiences. They best learn through active learning methods. Connect the information they have gained to previously gained knowledge. And perception based on that and digest the information in their way.

  • Multiple Intelligences theory

This theory assumes that all individuals have one predominant intelligence out of the following eight skills.

  • Musical
  • Linguistic
  • Mathematical
  • Spatial
  • Kinesthetic
  • Naturalistic
  • Interpersonal
  • Intrapersonal

One needs to understand the intelligence that the child or student is predominant in so that they can be made to learn in a better manner. The learning methods for each group must be devised accordingly.


There are many other theories of learning that a teacher, Needs to know to drive active learning amongst students. Now, there can be various teaching methods, which depends on the interest, behaviour and learning outcome of students.

  • Activity-based ( kinesthetic) teaching- In this teaching method, lessons are accompanied by a large number of psychomotor, affiliate or cognitive activities.
  • Problem-based teaching- In this method, a student is asked to solve problems on their own, in whatever way possible. After that, the underlying concept or principle is taught.
  • High-Tech blended teaching- In this method, various technologies are induced in the teaching process to enhance the scope of student interaction with the concepts and provide them with a 360-degree view of what they are going to learn.
  • Inquiry-based teaching- In this method, the students are asked to explore the problems, read the concepts, devise their way to learn and share ideas and inquire from the teacher, what they don’t know.

There are multiple other ways that a teacher needs to devise keeping the requirements of the class and the psychological abilities of the students in mind. While some may be theoretical, there are teaching methods that go beyond the principles.

Author Bio: Kelly Adams is an English professor who is also associated with the rate my paper brand as a tutor. She is also an active blogger who finds her passion in writing.